What factors affect sustained adoption of safe water, hygiene and sanitation technologies?A systematic review of literature, June 2015. EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, UCL Institute of Education, University College London.
Authors: Kristyna Hulland, Nina Martin, Robert Dreibelbis, Julia DeBruicker Valliant, Peter Winch
Among the exciting advances in water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) programmes and policies, sustainability counts as a renewed and crucial area of focus for implementers, scientists, policy makers, and donors alike. To further our understanding of the barriers and facilitators to sustained adoption and use of water and sanitation technologies, we conducted a systematic review of studies concerning both initial and sustained adoption of WASH interventions at the individual, household and community levels in low- and middleincome countries. We built on previous reviews of handwashing and point-of-use water treatment, with a comprehensive review that is dramatically larger and broader in scope than previous studies. It is the only review we know of that includes a range of WASH interventions and factors associated with adoption.