Assessing Exposures to Household Air Pollution in Public Health Research and Program Evaluation. Ecohealth. 2014 Nov 8.
Authors: Northcross AL1, Hwang N, Balakrishnan K, Mehta S.
1Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health, 950 New Hampshire Ave 7th Floor, 20057, Washington, DC, USA, email@example.com.
Exposure to smoke from the use of solid fuels and inefficient stoves for cooking and heating is responsible for approximately 4 million premature deaths yearly. As increasing investments are made to tackle this important public health issue, there is a need for identifying and providing guidance on best practices for exposure and stove performance monitoring, particularly for public health research and evaluation studies.
This paper, which builds upon the discussion at an expert consultation on exposure assessment convened by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and PATH in late 2012, aims to provide general guidance on what to monitor, who and where to monitor, and how to monitor household air pollution exposures. In addition, we summarize information about commercially available monitoring equipment and the technical properties of these monitors most important for household air pollution exposure assessment. The target audience includes epidemiologists conducting health studies and program evaluators aiming to quantify changes in exposures to estimate the potential health benefits of cookstoves intervention projects.