White Paper – The Health Consequences of Indoor Air Pollution: A Review of the Solutions and Challenges
Daniel Polsky; Caroline Ly
Indoor Air Pollution from solid fuel usage kills 2 million people annually. These deaths are primarily concentrated in low and lower‐middle income countries. While many countries have reduced their population’s reliance on solid fuels, low income countries with limited economic growth and/or Sub‐Saharan African countries have seen large increases between 2000 and 2010 of 45% and 31% in their populations’ exposures, respectively. Targeted policies to transition populations to cleaner, modern fuels that take into account specific country contexts are needed to avoid leaving behind these populations. Liquefied Petroleum Gas provides one clean alternative, though the higher initial costs may be a barrier in some markets. More research is needed to understand the appropriateness of policies given the health, economic and environmental tradeoffs among the fuel alternatives.