Emerging Issues in Sanitation: Herd Protection, Sharing Between Households, and Joint Effects, 2015.

Author: James A. Fuller

This dissertation seeks to address three emerging issues related to sanitation coverage: herd protection, sharing between households, and the joint effects of drinking water and sanitation.

Is Reliable Water Access the Solution to Undernutrition? A Review of the Potential of Irrigation to Solve Nutrition and Gender Gaps in Africa South of the Sahara, 2015. 

Author: Laia Domenech, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Interventions aimed at increasing water availability for livelihood and domestic activities have great potential to improve various determinants of undernutrition, such as the quantity and diversity of foods consumed within the household, income generation, and women’s empowerment. However, current evidence on the topic is diluted across many different publications. This paper aims to connect the dots and review the literature available on the linkages between irrigation and food security, improved nutrition, and health. We conclude that the evidence remains insufficient to draw broad conclusions due to the low number of rigorous studies that can be used to assess the linkages.

Based on the limited evidence, six factors that should be taken into account in irrigation development to address nutrition and gender gaps with a focus on Africa south of the Sahara are identified: (1) food security and nutrition gains should be stated goals of irrigation programs; (2) training programs and awareness campaigns should accompany irrigation interventions to promote nutrient-dense food production and consumption as well as minimization of health risks; (3) multiple uses of irrigation water should be recognized in order to improve access to water supply and sanitation and livestock and aquatic production; (4) women’s empowerment and women’s participation in irrigation programs should be promoted; (5) homestead food production should be encouraged; and (6) policy synergies between different sectors (agriculture, nutrition, health, water supply and sanitation, education) should be sought.

Final report: Impact evaluation of community-led total sanitation (CLTS) in rural Mali

May 19, 2015

Final report: Impact evaluation of community-led total sanitation (CLTS) in rural Mali, 2015. Full text Authors: Maria Laura Alzua, Amy Janel Pickering, et al. There is evidence that the CLTS program has a positive and significant impact on growth outcomes among children less than five years of age. When accounting for baseline height measurements, children […]

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Linking WASH, Nutrition and Agriculture: Indicators to Measure Progress Across SDGs

May 19, 2015

Linking WASH, Nutrition and Agriculture: Indicators to Measure Progress Across SDGs, May 1, 2015. Full text/WASH Advocates blog Author: Mary Kate Costello, Policy Analyst at The Hunger Project. Excerpts:  In her opening remarks, moderator Åsa Skogström-Feldt, CEO of The Hunger Project, stated that the development community knows that “nutrition-sensitive agricultural interventions address both hunger and […]

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Height, Zinc and Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infections in Schoolchildren: A Study in Cuba and Cambodia

May 19, 2015

Height, Zinc and Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infections in Schoolchildren: A Study in Cuba and Cambodia. Nutrients 2015, 7 3001. Full text Authors: Brechje de Gier, Liliane Mpabanzi, et al. Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections and zinc deficiency are often found in low- and middle-income countries and are both known to affect child growth. However, studies combining data […]

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Exploring the role of environmental enteropathy in malnutrition, infant development and oral vaccine response

May 19, 2015

Exploring the role of environmental enteropathy in malnutrition, infant development and oral vaccine response. Philos Trans, June 2015. Full text Authors: Allissia A. Gilmartin, William A. Petri Environmental enteropathy (EE) is a poorly defined state of intestinal inflammation without overt diarrhoea that occurs in individuals exposed over time to poor sanitation and hygiene. It is […]

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Does aflatoxin exposure cause child stunting?

May 19, 2015

Does aflatoxin exposure cause child stunting?  PROJECT SPOTLIGHT: Mitigating Aflatoxin Consumption for Improving Child Growth in Eastern Kenya (MAICE), May 19, 2015 by IFPRI. Full text Excerpts: Childhood stunting is associated with delays in cognitive development, lower school achievement, and lower earnings in adulthood. In 2009, researchers estimated a 42 percent prevalence of child stunting in the […]

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Geophagy is Associated with Environmental Enteropathy and Stunting in Children in Rural Bangladesh

May 19, 2015

Geophagy is Associated with Environmental Enteropathy and Stunting in Children in Rural Bangladesh. Am Jnl Trop Med Hyg, April 2015. Abstract/order info Authors: Christine M. George, Lauren Oldja,  et al. There is a growing body of literature indicating an association between stunting and environmental enteropathy (EE), a disorder thought to be caused by repeated exposures […]

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Helminth Elimination in the Pursuit of Sustainable Development Goals: A “Worm Index” for Human Development

May 19, 2015

Helminth Elimination in the Pursuit of Sustainable Development Goals: A “Worm Index” for Human Development. PLoS NTDs, April 2015. Full text, with references Authors: Peter J. Hotez , Jennifer R. Herricks A new “worm index” confirms a strong association between helminth infections and impaired human development. In June 2012, a landmark United Nations conference on […]

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Culture and the health transition: Understanding sanitation behaviour in rural north India

May 6, 2015

Culture and the health transition: Understanding sanitation behaviour in rural north India, 2015. International Growth Centre (ICG) Working Paper. Full text Authors:  Diane Coffey, Aashish Gupta, Payal Hathi, Dean Spears, Nikhil Srivastav, and Sangita Vyas Key Facts Poor sanitation spreads bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections including diarrhoea, polio, cholera, and hookworm. Despite this, 70% of rural Indian […]

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