Large decrease in child stunting in Bangladesh despite limited improvement in children’s food intake, 2014.

Monica Jain. Associate Research Fellow, HarvestPlus, International Food Policy Research Institute.

I do a descriptive decomposition analysis of the major factors associated with a large decrease in stunting over 10 years in Bangladesh. Using longitudinal data I focus on the role of nutrient intake, relative to other important child health inputs, such as maternal health, sanitation, maternal education, and access to health services. During the maximum growth faltering age of 6-23 months, I find that there is no consistent improvement in either the quantity or quality of food intake of children and that food intake has no role in improving their height over time. However, the quality of food intake of older children, ages 24-59 months, has improved over time, like the quality of food intake of their mothers, and is associated with the improvement in their height over time. Among other factors, I find maternal health and access to sanitation to be important contributors to the growth of children across time. Maternal education and access to health services also have a positive, but non-robust, association with it

Nutritional Status of Women and Children: A 2014 update on nutritional status by sociodemographic and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) indicators collected in Demographic and Health Surveys. December 2014.

This publication was produced for review by the United States Agency for International Development. It was prepared by Monica T. Kothari (PATH), Noureddine Abderrahim (ICF International), Amanda Coile(PATH), and Yuan Cheng (ICF International).

To provide current context, this report looks at stunting in the framework of common WASH indicators.  This report provides a descriptive analysis of the status of women and children in the context of nutrition, breastfeeding, complementary feeding, anemia, dietary diversity, and micronutrient supplementation. The report also provides information on the nutritional status of women and children, with data disaggregated by selected WASH indicators.

Four sections summarize information from surveys that collected DHS data between 2005 and 2013. The first section reviews data on the nutritional status of women and children. Section 2 presents information on feeding practices of women, infants, and young children. Data on anemia, micronutrient supplementation, and deworming are given in section 3, and nutritional status and diarrhea are covered in section 4. The data in sections 1, 3, and 4 are disaggregated by selected sociodemographic
characteristics, as well as by WASH indicators.

This report provides nationally representative estimates of nutrition indicators from 37 low- and middle-income countries (see Figure 2). Estimates for all indicators in this report have been re-run to facilitate comparison across countries. Tables 1.1 through 1.5 and table 3.1 present data on all of the most recent USAID priority and nonpriority countries; other tables present data on only the Maternal and Child Health (MCH), WASH, and Feed the Future (FtF) USAID priority countries.

Global Maternal Newborn Health Conference, Oct 18-21, 2015, Mexico City

February 4, 2015

Global Maternal Newborn Health Conference, Oct 18-21, 2015, Mexico City Join the Secretariat of Health of Mexico and 15 other convening partners in Mexico City, October 18 to 21, for a landmark technical conference to discuss strategies for reaching every mother and newborn with high-quality health care. Setting the post-2015 agenda  2015 is a critical […]

Read the full article →

Q&A with Noreen Mucha, Multisectoral Nutrition Advisor

January 30, 2015

Noreen Mucha has over 14 years of experience working in international development, primarily focusing in the public health sector but also within the agriculture and education sectors. Experience includes working with host country governments, United Nations, international nongovernmental organizations, non profits and universities.  Question: Please give a brief description of your current work with the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN)? Currently, I am conducting a 14 […]

Read the full article →

The Other Asian Enigma: Explaining the Rapid Reduction of Undernutrition in Bangladesh

January 29, 2015

The Other Asian Enigma: Explaining the Rapid Reduction of Undernutrition in Bangladesh. World Development, Feb 2015. Full text Authors: Derek Headeya, John Hoddinotta, b, Disha Alic, Roman Tesfayea, Mekdim Derejea Although South Asia has long been synonymous with persistent and unusually high rates of child undernutrition – the so called Asian Enigma – Bangladesh has […]

Read the full article →

SPRING – Essential Nutrition Actions and Essential Hygiene Actions: A Training Guide for Peace Corps Health Volunteers and Peace Corps Staff

January 29, 2015

Essential Nutrition Actions and Essential Hygiene Actions: A Training Guide for Peace Corps Health Volunteers and Peace Corps Staff, 2014. SPRING Project. Full text In 2013 SPRING assisted Peace Corps and WAFSP with introducing and rolling out the Essential Nutrition Actions package in five West African countries (Benin, Gambia, Guinea, Senegal, and Sierra Leone) by […]

Read the full article →

World Bank – Promoting Handwashing and Sanitation Evidence from a Large-Scale Randomized Trial in Rural Tanzania

January 29, 2015

Promoting Handwashing and Sanitation Evidence from a Large-Scale Randomized Trial in Rural Tanzania, 2015. World Bank. Full text Authors: Bertha Briceño, Aidan Coville Sebastian Martinez. This paper presents the results of two large-scale, government-led handwashing and sanitation promotion campaigns in rural Tanzania. For the campaign, 181 wards were randomly assigned to receive sanitation promotion, handwashing promotion, both interventions together, or […]

Read the full article →

Child malnutrition and the Millennium Development Goals: much haste but less speed?

January 29, 2015

Child malnutrition and the Millennium Development Goals: much haste but less speed? Arch Dis Child. 2015 Feb;100 Suppl 1:S19-22. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2013-305384. Full text Author: Oruamabo RS. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) provide a framework for measuring the progress of nations. Several of these goals relate to child malnutrition, which remains an important contributor to child […]

Read the full article →

Pediatric small intestine bacterial overgrowth in low-income countries

January 29, 2015

Pediatric small intestine bacterial overgrowth in low-income countries. Trends in Molec Med, Jan 2015. Abstract/order info Authors: Jeffrey R. Donowitz, William A. Petri Jr. Small intestine bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) occurs when colonic quantities of commensal bacteria are present in the small bowel. SIBO is associated with conditions of disrupted gastrointestinal (GI) motility leading to stasis […]

Read the full article →

ACF – Greater investment in water, sanitation and hygiene is key to the fight against undernutrition

January 29, 2015

Greater investment in water, sanitation and hygiene is key to the fight against undernutrition, 2015. Action Contre La Faim. Full text Authors: Carlotta Denis, Jean Lapegue, Karl Lellouche, Rachel Lozano and Elise Rodriguez. Despite the number of children who die every year as a consequence of undernutrition, and the research demonstrating the major impact that Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) interventions […]

Read the full article →